Timing belts began to replace chains as auto manufacturers were researching ways to produce lighter and less expensive vehicles. Compared with a gear or chain system, The rubber-made timing belts are lighter, less expensive, and operate more quietly. Many modern production automobile engines use a timing belt to synchronize crankshaft and camshaft rotation. The job of a timing belt is to keep the camshaft and crankshaft turning at the correct rate. Depending on the vehicle make, a timing belt will also run the water pump, oil pump, and injection pump.
The use of a timing belt enables engine designers to adjust the distance further between the camshaft and the crankshaft.
V-belts, with a trapezoidal or V shape, made of rubber and other synthetic materials. Commonly cars have more than 1 V-belt. They run through various components including the alternator, hydraulic pump, power steering, air conditioning compressor, fan, water pump. they transmit the force from the engine to the ancillary and maintain the right amount of tension for the proper functioning of a vehicle.
The serpentine belt is one long, snaking, winding belt located on the front of your engine and used to drive several components attached to an automotive engine. The serpentine belt is critically important that many new cars only have one serpentine belt nowadays. It supplies power to almost all engine accessories. Rubber technology makes Serpentine belts built to last much longer.